Why I Write My LINQ Queries Tall, Not Wide

Why I Write My LINQ Queries Tall, Not Wide

1 min read ·

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The Problem With Wide LINQ

Let's consider the following LINQ expression from a code style perspective.

I call this a wide LINQ expression because it stretches horizontally across the entire screen.

dbContext.Animals.Where(animal => animal.HasBigEars)
    .OrderBy(animal => animal.IsDangerous).Select(
        animal => (animal.Id, animal.Name)).ToList();
  • It is difficult to read.
  • It is difficult to reason about.
  • It is difficult to extend or maintain.

To improve this, I created a simple rule that you can follow:

When writing LINQ, try to go tall, not wide.

How to Write Tall LINQ

So how do we write tall LINQ expressions?

I'm going to rewrite the previous expression, to improve it.

Try to follow the one dot per line rule:

dbContext
    .Animals
    .Where(animal => animal.HasBigEars)
    .OrderBy(animal => animal.IsDangerous)
    .Select(animal => (animal.Id, animal.Name))
    .ToList();

Is the new version easier to read? Yes, very much so.

It is easier to understand what each expression does, and how it feeds into the next one in the chain.

If you are working in a team, try to propose this as a coding standard (if it isn't one already).
You will see that over time this will make a noticeable difference.


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